congenital malformations of the limbs

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Congenital malformations or anomalies in the production of limbs are usually the result of agents acting during the fourth to seventh weeks of pregnancy. The aetiology is largely unknown but a number of potential causes may result in a similar phenotype.

Major limb malformations are found in 2 in every 1000 neonates. They may be considered in terms of site of malformation.

Last reviewed 01/2018