Last reviewed 01/2018

In addition to the complications of surgery, special hazards include:


  • the breakdown of skin flaps due to ischaemia or tight suturing.
  • gas gangrene may especially develop in high above knee amputations.


  • poor circulation may give a cold, blue stump which may ulcerate; reamputation may be necessary.
  • cut nerves always form painful tender nerve bulbs.
  • the patient may have "phantom limb" sensations which eventually disappear.