velocardiofacial syndrome

Last reviewed 01/2018

Velocardiofacial syndrome is a rare syndrome with the following features:

  • characteristic facies:
    • squared nose
    • small nostrils
    • small mouth
  • cardiac defects
  • submucous cleft palate
  • hypodynamic pharynx

Attempted correction of velopharyngeal insufficiency surgically may be complicated by medially placed internal carotid arteries. These interfere with the siting of pharyngoplasty flaps.