clinical features

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Scleritis presents with severe, deep pain and tissue destruction even leading to loss of the eye. The episclera is almost always involved. Vision is often affected and there is a focal or diffuse area or redness brought about by dilation of vessels in the subconjunctival network.

It may be unilateral or bilateral, and is more common in women than men, and in the 4th-5th decades of life.

The condition is often classified into anterior and posterior scleritis; both are associated with keratitis, uveitis, glaucoma, cataract, and exudative retinal detachment.

Last reviewed 01/2018