This site is intended for healthcare professionals
Login | Register (NOW FREE)

Medical search

thiazide diuretics

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 open access pages.

A thiazide is any of a group of diuretics that act by inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the in the distal renal tubule. This action results in increased sodium and free water clearance. A secondary effect is the loss of potassium by increased secretion in the distal tubule (in response to increased intraluminal sodium concentration).

The reduction in plasma and extracellular fluid volume leads to the activation of a counter-regulatory system mediated by renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and adrenergic systems in an attempt to re-establish central blood volume. This activation of the counter-regulatory system may last up to nine days and is an explanation for the variable interpersonal antihypertensive efficacy (1).

They are used in the treatment of hypertension and of heart failure.

The ALLHAT data revealed that diuretics were superior to calcium channel blockers and, at least in the short term, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in preventing heart failure in hypertensive individuals.

Reference:

  1. Prescriber 2001; 12 (18): 49-61.
  2. Davis BR et al. Role of diuretics in the prevention of heart failure: the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial. Circulation. 2006 May 9;113(18):2201-10

Links:

The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies please do not use GPnotebook.