This site is intended for healthcare professionals
Login | Register (NOW FREE)

Medical search

splenic vein thrombosis

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 open access pages.

Thrombosis of the splenic vein is a rare cause of variceal bleeding. The blood, blocked from its normal route, flows through the short gastric veins, continuing towards the liver. Large gastric varices may develop as the blood traverses the stomach; later, these may rupture and bleed. Oesophageal varices are uncommon because the collateral pattern does not involve the oesophagus.

The principal causes of splenic vein thrombosis include pancreatitis, pancreatic pseudocyst, neoplasm and trauma. In two-thirds of patients, there is splenomegaly.

Diagnosis is made by selective splenic arteriography.

In the presence of varices only, the recommended treatment is by splenectomy. Otherwise, no therapy is required.


The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies please do not use GPnotebook.