optokinetic response

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The optokinetic response examines the pursuit and saccadic systems separately, together with their interconnecting pathway, by asking the patient to look at a revolving drum with images - white lines on a black surface - held a short distance from the eyes.

The moving targets should not be too fast - not greater than 30/sec - as pursuit must be allowed to occur.

Optokinetic nystagmus is an involuntary reflex and cannot be voluntarily damped unless the patient can look past the testing drum.

A downgoing optokinetic stimulus is the best way of inducing convergence retraction nystagmus in Parinaud's syndrome.

Last reviewed 01/2018

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