first (1st) rank symptoms of schizophrenia

Last reviewed 01/2018

Schneider's first-rank symptoms of schizophrenia are symptoms which, if present, are strongly suggestive of schizophrenia.

The first-rank symptoms of schizophrenia include:

  • auditory hallucinations:
    • hearing thoughts spoken aloud
    • hearing voices referring to himself / herself, made in the third person
    • auditory hallucinations in the form of a commentary
  • thought withdrawal, insertion and interruption
  • thought broadcasting
  • somatic hallucinations
  • delusional perception
  • feelings or actions experienced as made or influenced by external agents