clinical examination of the gastrointestinal system
Clinical examination of the abdomen involves consideration of all the intra-abdominal structures, notably the stomach, duodenum, small and large bowel, liver, pancreas, kidneys, bladder and aorta.
There are a large number of different structures within a relatively small cavity, all susceptible to disease or malfunction and capable of producing symptoms. Therefore, it is not surprising that the diagnosis of abdominal complaints can be extremely challenging.
Last reviewed 01/2018