splitting of first heart sound

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The differential contraction of the left and right ventricle causes a splitting of the first heart sound.

An abnormally large splitting of the first heart sound is heard when there are:

  • either conduction abnormalities:
    • right bundle branch block
    • pacing from an electrode on the LV
    • left ventricular ectopics

  • or mechanical causes:
    • Ebsteins anomaly
    • atrial septal defect
    • tricuspid stenosis

Reference:

  • Kirby B (1993).Clinical examination of the heart. Medicine International, 21(8), 294-99.

Last reviewed 01/2018

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