risk factors for osteoporosis

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 Increased bone lossReduced bone loss
Genetic
  • positive family history
  • female sex
  • Caucasian
  • Asian
  • male sex
  • Negroid
Nutrition
  • alcohol
  • caffeine
  • calcium
  • fluoride
Body weight
  • underweight
  • obese
Life style
  • inactive
  • cigarette smoking
  • active
Hormone status
  • nulliparous
  • late menarche
  • early menopause
  • oophorectomy
  • postmenopausal
  • amenorrhoea

  • pregnancy
Drugs
  • thyroid hormone
  • corticosteroid therapy
 

 

Last reviewed 01/2018

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