chronic lung disease of the newborn

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a condition that may develop in some preterm infants, in which the infant remains dependent on artificial ventilation and then oxygen for several months. Chest radiology reveals patchy collapse and cystic changes in overinflated lungs.

The prognosis of this condition is variable with some infants making a complete recovery and others dying of conditions such as cor pulmonale or chronic respiratory failure.

A 15 day course of steroids may be commenced once the diagnosis has been made, provided there are no contraindications.

Last reviewed 02/2021