Teratomas are a type of gonadal tumour occurring both in the ovaries and the testes. Derived from multipotent cells, they contain tissue from all three germ layers and exhibit a wide range of differentiation.
- 5% are differentiated teratoma - TD - composed entirely of mature tissue
- 55% are malignant teratoma intermediate - MTI - contains both differentiated mature tissue and malignant areas
- 36% are malignant teratoma undifferentiated - MTU - no differentiated tissue present; all components malignant
- 4% are malignant teratoma trophoblastic - MTT - contains cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast; often occurs as a sub-variant of one of the others
Note that about 40% of teratomas occur mixed with seminomas.
The vast majority secrete human chorionic gonadotropin and/or alpha-feto protein which can be measured in the serum and used as a tumour marker. They are less radiosensitive than seminomas.
Last reviewed 01/2018