raised jugular venous pressure

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Causes of a raised JVP may be classified into those due to:

  • increased right ventricular filling pressure
  • obstruction of blood flow from the right atrium to the right ventricle
  • superior vena caval obstruction
  • positive intrathoracic pressure

The JVP usually drops on inspiration along with intrathoracic pressure. The reverse pattern, called Kussmaul's sign, may be seen.

Last reviewed 01/2018

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