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Netherton Syndrome (NS) is a rare hereditary autosomal recessive multisystem
disorder which presents with generalized erythroderma at birth or soon after
- incidence is estimated to be 1/200,000
- this syndrome is as common as nonbullous ichthysosiform erythroderma
- this condition presents with congenital erythroderma, and later a recurrent
- this condition has a distinctive hair shaft defect and results in fragile,
sparse hair; also food-induced angioedema occurs
- characteristically the infant presents with failure to thrive; however
this condition still may diagnosed late in many cases
- other common features of the disease are enteropathy, hypoalbuminemia, aminoaciduria,
mental retardation, growth retardation, and immunologic abnormalities
- NS is associated with a characteristic hair shaft abnormality known as
'bamboo hair' (trichorrhexis invaginata)(1,2)
- serum level of IgE is markedly elevated
- treatment is symptomatic such as topical emollients, keratolytics, tretinoin
and corticosteroids, alone or in combination. PUVA therapy has produced variable
- Judge MR, Morgan G, Harper JI. A clinical and immunological study of Netherton's
syndrome. Br J Dermatol 1994;121: 615-21.
- Sun JD, Linden KG. Netherton syndrome: A case report and review of the literature.
Int J Dermatol. 2006;45:693-7
- Suhaila O, Muzhirah A. Netherton Syndrome: A Case Report. Malaysian J Pediatr
Child Health (MJPCH) 2010;16(2):26
- Thanawinnanont O, Samutrapong P. Netherton syndrome: a case report and review
of the literature. Thai J Dermatol. 2008;24:208-12.
- Saif GB, Al-Khenaizan S. Netherton syndrome: successful use of topical tacrolimus
and pimecrolimus in four siblings. Int J Dermatol. 2007;46(3):290-4-7.
Last reviewed 01/2018