water births and perinatal mortality and morbidity
- perinatal mortality is not substantially higher among babies delivered in water than among those born to low- risk women delivered conventionally
Evidence suggests that water immersion during the first stage of labour reduces the use of epidural/spinal analgesia. There is limited information for other outcomes related to water use during the first and second stages of labour, due to intervention and outcome variability (2)
- there is no evidence of increased adverse effects to the fetus/neonate or woman from labouring in water or waterbirth (2)
- BMJ 1999; 319:483-7.
- Cluett ER1, Burns E.Immersion in water in labour and birth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD000111.
Last reviewed 01/2018