cancrum oris

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Cancrum oris is a quickly advancing gangrene of the lips and cheeks. It is associated with a mixed bacterial infection which includes Borrelia vincentii.

It may be seen in:

  • measles:
    • especially in the malnourished, typically in children in tropical Africa
    • cranium oris develops from an acute, ulcerative gingivitis

  • leukaemic patients:
    • often a terminal complicaton of the disease
    • associated with the use of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs

Last reviewed 01/2018