incidence

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  • following an elective amputation e.g. vascular disease, tumour
    • the statistical risk of chronic pain initially is over 80%; this risk reduces to about 55% after 3-5 years (1)
  • it is presumed that the risk of chronic pain following traumatic amputation is the same (2)

Reference:

  • (1) Jensen T et al (1985). Immediate and long-term phantom limb pain in amputees. Pain, 21, 267-78.
  • (2) Health and Ageing (September 2000), 31-32.

Last reviewed 01/2018