- following an elective amputation e.g. vascular disease, tumour
- the statistical risk of chronic pain initially is over 80%; this risk reduces to about 55% after 3-5 years (1)
- it is presumed that the risk of chronic pain following traumatic amputation is the same (2)
- (1) Jensen T et al (1985). Immediate and long-term phantom limb pain in amputees. Pain, 21, 267-78.
- (2) Health and Ageing (September 2000), 31-32.
Last reviewed 01/2018