management of hypertension

Last reviewed 08/2021

The management of hypertension includes:

  • assessment:
    • of blood pressure
    • of secondary causes of hypertension
    • of risk factors for essential hypertension
    • of the complications of hypertension

  • treatment:
    • general advice and lifestyle changes
    • pharmacological treatment

  • involve the patient:
    • emphasize that therapy is long term
    • emphasize that drugs should not be stopped or omitted without prior discussion with the doctor
    • any side effects should be reported

  • consider the need to refer