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For detailed coverage of all complications of preterm delivery, refer to the neonatology section.

Specific complications include:

  • respiratory distress syndrome
  • intraventricular and intravascular haemorrhage
  • thermoregulation - hypothermia - immature control system; this is very important
  • fluid balance
  • jaundice of prematurity
  • apnoea
  • infection - reduced maternal antibodies
  • retinopathy of prematurity
  • anaemia (often iatrogenic with repeated tests)
  • hypoglycaemia
  • patent ductus arteriosus
  • necrotising enterocolitis
  • functional ileus
  • late anaemia
  • feeding difficulties

Last reviewed 08/2019