Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder.
The most common cause is gallstones, accounting for 95% of cases.
- 1% to 3% of individuals with gallstones will develop cholecystitis (1)
Less commonly, cholecystitis may result from:
- primary infection, e.g. from Salmonella typhi - the typhoid gallbladder - or from Ascari lumbricoides - ascariasis
- total parenteral nutrition