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Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder.

The most common cause is gallstones, accounting for 95% of cases.

  • 1% to 3% of individuals with gallstones will develop cholecystitis (1)

Less commonly, cholecystitis may result from:

  • trauma
  • surgery
  • primary infection, e.g. from Salmonella typhi - the typhoid gallbladder - or from Ascari lumbricoides - ascariasis
  • total parenteral nutrition



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