aetiology

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Causes include:

  • depressed gag reflex:
    • anaesthesia - e.g. Mendelson syndrome
    • bulbar palsy
  • transient period of impaired consciousness:
    • alcoholic blackout
    • in the wake of seizures
    • during sleep
  • reflux oesophagitis
  • oesophageal stricture
  • tracheo-oesophageal fistula

Last reviewed 05/2021

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