aetiology

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 more open access pages.

This condition is sporadic in most cases.

However, the following associations have been noted:

  • Down's syndrome - particularly atrioventricular canal
  • Holt-Oram syndrome - particularly secundum defect
  • Ellis-van Creveld
  • maternal atrial septal defect may be inherited by daughters

Last reviewed 02/2022

Links: