stopping smoking (evidence-based guidance)

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There is evidence that helping smokers to stop smoking can be effective and highly cost-effective.

The basic essentials are:

  • ASK about tobacco smoking at every opportunity
  • ADVISE all smokers to stop smoking
  • ASSIST all smokers to stop smoking
  • ARRANGE follow up

There is evidence that even brief intervention (2-3 minutes) has a worthwhile effectiveness.

Useful features of intervention are to:

  • set a date to stop completely
  • review previous attempts to stop smoking - and what helped/hindered
  • plan ahead - identify potential problems and strategies to cope
  • plan how to handle alcohol drinking situations
  • try smoking cessation treatment e.g. nicotine replacement therapy, buproprion

Calculating the number of cigarettes a day (2):

All Wales Medicines Strategy Group. Initial Clinical Management of Adult Smokers in Secondary Care. June 2021.

Reference:

  1. British Heart Foundation, Factfile 6/99.
  2. All Wales Medicines Strategy Group. Initial Clinical Management of Adult Smokers in Secondary Care. June 2021.

Last edited 06/2021 and last reviewed 07/2021

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