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These may be grouped into:

  • hormonal
  • intrauterine
  • barrier +/- chemical
  • coitus interruptus
  • natural / safe period

Hormonal, intrauterine and barrier methods such as the diaphragm require medical supervision, whilst "natural" methods and other barrier methods such as the condom or vaginal sponge, may be used without medical supervision.

The form of contraception most suitable will be dictated by factors such as the motivation of the couple, the degree to which they see contraception interfering with intercourse, the relative risks of the different forms, their cost, and religious / cultural beliefs.

Last reviewed 01/2018