congenital heart disease

Last reviewed 06/2021

Congenital cardiac disease occurs in 7-8 per 1000 live births.

Most congenital defects are well tolerated in utero and it is only after birth that the impact of anatomic and subsequent haemodynamic abnormality becomes apparent.

Congenital cardiac disease can be divided into that which leads to cyanosis and that with little or no cyanosis.