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Nicotine is an alkaloid with the formula C10 H14 N2, normally found in tobacco.

In addition to its addictive properties it is also used as an insecticide and as a parasitide in vetinary medicine.

Nicotine causes various pharmalogical effects including:

  • a rise in blood pressure
  • tachycardia
  • increased stickiness of platelets

Subjective effects include:

  • increased alertness
  • increased calmness
  • relief of craving

Ref: Update (21/5/97), 680-90.

Last reviewed 01/2018