This is a superficial injury affecting only the epithelium covering the cornea.
The symptoms include:
Fluorescein staining of the eye confirms the diagnosis if an area of increased fluorescence is present.
The conjunctiva should be thoroughly examined with eversion of the upper lid to exclude a foreign body.
- antibiotic ointment - to prevent infection
- firm padding for 24-48 hrs to allow healing of the epithelium
- pain relief - instil a cycloplegic - will dilate the pupil and relieve ciliary spasm; give oral analgesia if required
Infection must be avoided; failure to do so results in corneal ulceration.
Last reviewed 01/2018