Last reviewed 01/2018
When there is a specific cause of the apnoea, such as infection, then this should be treated.
In the absence of a clear aetiology there are three approaches to the treatment of apnoea:
- general physical stimulation - this may be as simple as contact with the nurse and Mum or as complex as oscillating water beds
- chemical stimulation - for example by intravenous administration of theophylline, caffeine or doxapram.
Failure to respond is an indication for assisted ventilation.