malposition of the heart

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 more open access pages.

Positional anomalies of the heart are rare. They include:

  • ectopia cordis - where the heart is outside the body
  • diaphragmatic herniation into the abdomen
  • dextrocardia - this may be isolated or in association with situs inversus

Last reviewed 01/2018

Links: