Last reviewed 01/2018

Albinism is a disorder of the synthesis of the pigment melanin.

There are two clinical types of albinism:

  • ocular albinism
  • oculocutaneous albinism

There are commonly deficits of the visual system which prevent binocular vision.

Refs: 1) Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease, Cotran, R.S., Kumar, V & Robbins, S.L., 1989, 4th edition, W.B. Saunders Company, p.143 2) Watts, R.W.E. in Oxford Textbook of Medicine, Weatherall, D.J., Ledingham, J.G.G. & Warrell, D.A., 1987, 2nd edition, Oxford Medical Publications, p.9.19-20