Last reviewed 01/2018

Today, of the 80% of low birth weight infants that survive, roughly 7% are handicapped, with the following abnormalities seen:

  • cerebral palsy
  • sensory neural hearing loss
  • IQ of less than 70 (intelligence is rarely purely reduced)
  • delayed visual maturation, with retinopathy of the newborn
  • multiple minor disorders

Less obvious complications include psychosocial morbidity, including maltreatment and failure to bond.