risks of removal of ductal stones

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 more open access pages.

There are certain risks inherent with the endoscopic removal of biliary tree stones:

  • mortality of 0.8% to 2%
  • morbidity of 7 to 8%

Duct clearance rates vary from 86% to 93%

The endoscopic risks are largely independent of age.

Last reviewed 01/2018