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pseudomembranous colitis

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Pseudomembranous colitis is a very severe form of antibiotic associated colitis or diarrhoea. It is usually the result of the toxin of Clostridium difficile.

Most cases are hospital-acquired. Infection is faeco-oral, for example, via the patient's or staff's hands from a contaminated commode or equipment - rectal thermometer, sigmoidoscope, etc. Sixty percent of cases occur in the elderly.

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