This site is intended for healthcare professionals
Login | Register (NOW FREE)

Medical search

chlamydia trachomatis (serotypes D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K)

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 open access pages.

Chlamydia trachomatis is a Gram-negative obligate intracellular organism. Genital chlamydial infection is the commonest sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the UK (1).

One half of the infected men and around 70% of infected women are asymptomatic (2). Two third of the sexual partners of chlamydia-positive individuals are also positive for chlamydia infections (1).

The serotypes D-K may be acquired in neonates from the birth canal, giving rise to inclusion conjunctivitis.

In adults, infection is acquired by sexual contact causing:

  • in men:
    • urethritis
    • epididymitis
    • proctitis
    • arthritis

  • in women:
    • cervicitis
    • urethritis
    • pelvic inflammatory disease
    • arthritis

In women, up to half of all cases of cervicitis and 60% of all pelvic inflammatory disease may be caused by this organism. Ectopic pregnancy and tubal infertility are possible complications of genital chlamydia infection in women (2).

In tissue culture assays, the most active drugs against C. trachomatis are tetracyclines, followed by macrolides, sulphonamides, some quinolones and clindamycin (3).


Last reviewed 01/2018


The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies please do not use GPnotebook.