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calcification on chest radiology

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Causes vary with respect to site and include:

  • pericardium:
    • infective causes, especially tuberculosis
  • myocardium:
    • previous myocardial infarct
    • calcified left ventricular aneurysm
    • rheumatic heart disease (left atrium)
    • mitral annular calcification
  • endocardium:
    • result of chronic jet lesions
  • within the chamber:
    • calcified thrombus
    • slow growing tumour, usually a myxoma
  • valve:
    • calcification of bicuspid aortic valve
    • senile aortic valve
    • rheumatic heart disease
    • aortic homograft
  • coronary artery:
    • calcification of atheroma
  • pulmonary artery:
    • consequence of pulmonary artery hypertension
  • aorta:
    • calcified aneurysm
    • aortitis
  • pleura:
    • asbestosis
  • lymph nodes
    • tuberculosis
    • silicosis 'egg shell' calcification

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