indications for insulin

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Artificial insulin is used mostly in diabetics, in which case it is used in:

  • all patients with type I diabetes mellitus
  • patients with type II diabetes mellitus in whom control cannot be adequately achieved with oral hypoglycaemics or diet.
  • patients with diabetes in pregnancy in whom control is inadequate with diet
  • in situations of stress, such as surgery, after myocardial infarction, etc.

Insulin may also be used in the treatment of hyperkalaemia.

Last reviewed 01/2018