obesity and hypertension

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The relationship between obesity and hypertension is complicated by the frequent presence of compounding factors such as physical inactivity and a high dietary salt intake.

However:

  • there is a linear relationship between excess body fat and hypertension
  • weight reduction in the obese leads to a fall in blood pressure
  • weight loss of 1 kg results in approximately 1-2 mmHg reduction in blood pressure
  • alcohol consumption appears to have an additive effect

Last reviewed 10/2021

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