local causes

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These include:

  • reduced rate of venous return - pregnancy, immobility
  • obstruction of venous return - DVT
  • destruction of venous valves following DVT
  • inefficiencies of the calf muscle pump - paraplegia
  • cellulitis
  • obstruction of lymphatics - filariasis
  • congenital - Milroy's disease

Last reviewed 01/2018

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