investigations in fractures

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 more open access pages.

The radiograph is the single most important investigation. For meaningful interpretation and to prevent omissions, the following rule of two's should be observed:

  • 2 views - for example AP and lateral
  • 2 joints - above and below the obvious injury
  • 2 occasions, for example in scaphoid fracture - if there is any doubt, bring back the patient after a few days
  • 2 limbs, particularly important for comparison of the epiphyses in children

In more difficult cases, consider:

  • CT or MRI
  • radioisotope scanning

Last reviewed 01/2018