smoking and fertility

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  • women who smoke should be informed that smoking is likely to reduce their fertility
  • women who smoke should be offered referral to a smoking cessation programme to support their efforts to stop smoking
  • women should be informed that passive smoking is likely to affect their chance of conceiving
  • men who smoke should be informed that there is an association between smoking and reduced semen quality (although the impact of this on male fertility is uncertain), and that stopping smoking will improve their general health


  1. NICE (February 2004). Fertility: assessment and treatment for people with fertility problems

Last reviewed 09/2020