differential diagnosis

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differential diagnosis

  • metabolic:
    • diabetic ketoacidosis
    • hypoglycaemia
    • hyperosmolar states

  • endocrine:
    • hyponatraemia
    • hypercalcaemia
    • hypothyroidism 

  • drugs and toxins:
    • alcohol intoxication or withdrawal
    • Wernicke's encephalopathy
    • opioids
    • benzodiazepines

  • infection:
    • encephalitis
    • sepsis related encephalopathy

  • vascular:
    • ischaemic stroke
    • intracranial haemorrhage
    • cerebral hypoperfusion

  • others:
    • non-convulsive status epilepticus
    • brain lesions
    • dementia
    • obstructive sleep apnoea
    • psychiatric disorder 

Reference:

Last reviewed 01/2018