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This is used to quantify 'deprived' areas. The areas are idenfified using the Jarman index are:
Elderly living alone single-parent households under-fives overcrowded households unskilled house-movers unemployed residents in ethnic minorities
The Jarman index is used as means for identification of areas where a deprivation payment is required. There are several criticisms of this method.
The Jarman index has now been replaced by the Carr-Hill formula.