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Predisposition to candida infection

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Systemic factors

  • hematinic deficiency - vitamin B12, ferritin, folic acid
  • immunosuppressive drugs
  • endocrine disease – diabetes, hypothyroidism, hypoparathyroidism
  • blood dyscrasias or advanced malignancy
  • radiotherapy/chemotherapy
  • reduced immune status e.g. – HIV infection
  • physiologic states: old age/infancy/pregnancy

Local factors

  • removable dental appliances
  • poor oral or denture hygiene
  • xerostomia
  • high carbohydrate diet
  • broad spectrum antibiotics
  • trauma
  • heavy smoking (1)


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