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Risk factors

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Risk factors include factors based in the lungs, such as:

  • underlying chest disease:
    • chronic obstructive airways disease
    • bronchiectasis
    • industrial lung disease
    • asthma
  • risk activities such as heavy smoking

Also included are factors that are likely to influence mobilisation post-operatively, such as:

  • the type of operation, especially large abdominal wounds which make the patient reluctant to take deep breaths and cough
  • poor mobility due to stroke
  • obesity

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