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Immunological mechanisms

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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This section deals briefly with the basic components of the immune system.

Parts of this immune system may fail and predispose an individual to infection. Causes include:

  • malnutrition
  • infection, especially with lymphotrophic viruses
  • major surgery
  • renal failure
  • leukaemia
  • lymphoma

In children, a failure of the immune system may also lead to an increased tendency to develop allergy and cancer.

General reference: Brostoff et al, Clinical Immunology, Gower Medical Publishing.

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