Last reviewed 02/2023
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare, highly malignant tumour that originates from striated muscle. It occurs most frequently in the first two years of life.
Rhabdomyosarcoma can be sub-classified into various types:
- embryonal type - most common; often arises in the head or neck region, or in relation to genitalia in childhood
- botryoid type - grapelike; occurs in female GU tract.
- alveolar type - often arises in the limbs
- pleomorphic type - classically in adults
Presentation is as a swelling which may be around the orbit, nasopharynx, bladder, vagina - with or without haemorrhagic discharge - uterus, and occasionally in the limbs.